Final transit of the cycle finishing on May 18th 2856 BC
Initially, this date appeared to represent the time of the Great Flood, but now it seems that it can only be the birth Nimrod. This evil man was corrupt in all his ways. His intention was to rebel against the instruction of God and to make himself a great king. The evil ways of Nimrod are discussed in depth in a later chapter.
The sons of Noah began to reproduce immediately after the flood, with the generation that includes Nimrod making their appearance after about 140 years. The transit of 2856 BC was 154 years after the Flood of 3010 BC. The birth of Peleg was about 2600 BC, and we are told in Gen. 10:25 that during his lifetime, the Earth was divided. This occurred subsequent to the construction efforts on the Tower of Babel, followed by the confusion of the language which resulted in the dispersal of the people. After God's intervention, the tower builders were spread to the four corners of the Earth, along with their predisposition to construct massive structures for the purposes of astrological observations. In particular, we can highlight the pyramids of Egypt, Thailand and Central America .
Bishop Ussher in 1650 calculated the date of the Flood to be 2348 BC. Eusebius gives a more ancient date of 2957 BC. As it turns out, my calculation for the date based the chronology derived from the Septuagint is April 24th 3010 B.C. According to Gen. 7:11, the Flood began on the 17th day of the 2nd month which equates to 24 April in that year. Once again, Eusebius has proven to be very close to the mark. Keep in mind that we're using completely different methods to ascertain dates.
While Bishop Ussher was a respected biblical scholar of his day, he has proven to have been bamboozled by complex mathematics and genaeologies, making assumptions that have given wildly erroneous results. Actually, the original work was done 10 years previously by Lightfoot who gets very little credit. Ussher plagiarised his work. It must be remembered that during his lifetime, the conflict between Catholic and Protestant was an open sore on Christian society. The Catholics held the view that the Creation of Adam occurred around 5200 BC. As Ussher was a Protestant, his figure of 4004 BC was embraced simply because it was so different to Catholic opinion. It was also warmly welcomed because at the time, it was almost universally accepted that the birth of Christ was in 4 BC, making the Creation date a very neat difference of 4,000 years.
Problems with tradition:
We know from a number of methods that the pyramids were built starting around 2,500 BC. A later chapter demonstrates this fact by a chart demonstrating the alignment of the pyramids to the alignment of stars at 2,500 BC. The pyramid construction was after the Flood. Therefore, a Flood date of 2,348 BC and the arrival in Turkey of the only 8 people in existence at that time doesn't fit at all. However, a date 600-700 years earlier gives the opportunity for massive population growth and the intervening history is more consistent with archaeological observation.
An immediate question comes to mind. Why is there any variation at all? The Bible doesn't lie, but there are principles of interpretation that we are yet to discover. Also, we sometimes have to go back to the Septuagint and the Pentateuch to ascertain the original text. In the meantime, we are often plagued by wild speculation that isn't based on anything that's credible.
The final authority has to be Jesus Himself. On numerous occasions, He quoted from the Old Testament scriptures. Many times, He has paraphrased the quotation. On others, He has quoted the scriptures verbatim. In those instances, there have been clues in the diction and the format. The fact is the Jesus has been shown to quote from the Masoretic text, the Septuagint and from the Aramaic text. The fact that the Old Testament in our Bibles closely follows the Masoretic text has meant that most readers have lost the advantage of access to the other versions.
Satan's plan was to corrupt humanity to the point that God Himself would destroy every person from the face of the Earth. In fact, it nearly worked, but there was one family that stayed true to The Living God. Noah was given the job of building the Ark and preaching to the people of that time. He proved to be the most unsuccessful preacher in history, only being able to convert his wife, their three sons and their wives.
8 years extra in the cycle:
The beginning of the anomylous cycle was between the two transits in 3213 BC and 3107 BC. The period there is exactly 8 years longer than what was expected. This was due to the relative positions of the Earth and Venus and the fact that the plane of the orbit of Venus is 3.40 inclined from the plane of Earth's orbit. Incidentally, 3.4 is a version of a Fibonacci Number. The switching of the increments of the 243 year cycle occurred mid-cycle on this occassion.
The addition of 8 years turns the 243 year cycle into 251 years and the 1,215 cycle into 1,223 years. Both of these numbers, 251 and 1,223 are prime numbers. This makes the number 8 which was added, the important number to consider. Eight is the number of salvation, and there is something vital that happened during that time-frame that underlines the theme of salvation. It is plainly stated that God intended to destroy all of humanity, but something happened to change His mind. Gen. 7:8 "But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.” Noah and his wife, their 3 sons and their wives who were preserved make a total of 8.
There is a period of 120 years that is specified in Genesis 6:3 “And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.” (i.e. 120 years until he destroyed the Earth by flood) Eight years after the beginning of the anomalous cycle, there was a new combination of periods to make up the 243 year cycle. It seems no coincidence that the make-up of the cycle was 120.5, then 8, then 106.5 then 8. God had declared that 120 years would be given, which is immediately followed by a cycle starting with 120 years. This particular combination always beginning with 120 years continued uninterrupted for over 3,000 years; that is until the birth of Christ, when it changed. The first year in the new cycle of 120 years was 3099 BC and finished in 2978 BC. The Flood occurred in 3010 BC during that cycle.
Satan provoked God to destroy humanity, but God made a way of salvation. It's becoming increasingly obvious that we are caught up in the continuing struggle between good and evil. The great news is that if you read the (Good) Book, the ending is that Satan is defeated and God's people rule and reign with Him for all eternity.
Final conjunction of the cycle finishing on May 19th 4079 BC
During the period of the pre-flood, there was an intial event that provoked God to the point where He repented that He had created man. That event is described in the following verses of Scripture.Genesis 6:1-4 “And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.”
The point when this occurred is identified as the time “when men began to multiply on the face of the earth”. Prior to the start of this cycle, there was one cycle of nearly the full1,215 years in which the population was indeed beginning to multiply. God is patient, and he waited over 1,000 years before making the decision to give the inhabitants of Earth 120 years before its destruction.
The “Sons of God” referred to in verse 2 are in fact Satan's angelic followers whose instructions at that time were to inter-breed with human women and to pollute the blood-line. Naturally, such a thing is an abomination in the eyes of God. There was no choice for Him but to destroy all of creation except for those who had not been corrupted. There must have been others who hadn't been corrupted in their blood-lines, otherwise Noah wouldn't have been instructed to preach to those of his day. Verse 9 of Genesis 6 describes the reason for his salvation. “These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.” Being perfect in his generations meant that there were no instances of anyone in his ancestry being a “Son of God”.
For a large portion of humanity to be thus tainted required many generations of cross-breeding and inter-marriage. This argument explains why it took over 1,000 years to get to that point.
Final transit of the cycle finishing on May 17th 5294 BC
This is not the date that Adam was created, but it is very close to the dates calculated by Eusebius (5200 BC). Another Christian historian,Sextus Julius Africanus, who wrote a century before Eusebius, places the date at 5499 BC. It appears that the dates of these cycles correspond to the year with the most critical events in history. In fact, these could be used as reliable anchor points in which to measure the intervening events. We know that land animals were replenished on the Earth in the same "day" that Man was created. Considering that we should allow several decades for the animals to make their appearance, the date for Adam's creation again is close to Eusebius' calculation.
While Adam was created in a perfect environment and was given a wife to be his companion, there was just the one simple test of his obedience and wisdom. At a vital moment, Lucifer was allowed access to the Garden and allowed to tempt Adam, and Eve who succumbed to Lucifer's logic.
1 Timothy 2:14 "And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression."
Their exile from the garden was at some as yet undefined time some years after Adam was created. According to the Septuagint, Seth was born 230 years after Adam's life began, and Cain and Abel were adults involved in agriculture and herding prior to Abel's murder. We have already seen that the births of Moses and Jesus were 50 years after a transit date. In 1 Cor. 15:45, Jesus is referred to as the last Adam. There may be another parallel when we look at the time after the transit before Adam was created. That gave the Lord some years to replenish the animal kingdom. It may be drawing a long bow, but that rationalisation is as good as any others that have been put forward. In any case, it's purely academic as it has no real bearing in the scheme of things.
As already demonstrated, important landmark events in history correspond to transit dates. It seems that the death of Adam should qualify for recognition. Dying at the age of 930, the likely date is at the time of the transit of 4322 BC. This means that his creation was in 5252 BC. For this new beginning, it seems consistent that Adam's birth should be on the first day of the first month of the Hebrew year. That date would be 28th February 5252 BC. The difference from the start of the transit in 5294 BC until the creation of Adam is 42 years. According to humourist science-fiction writer Douglas Adams in the 4 books of the Hitchhiker's Guide trilogy, the number 42 is the answer to Life, the Universe and Everything.
This time, the correct question is, "what do you get when you multiply six by seven?" Six is the number of man and seven is the number of spiritual perfection. The result of the factors is a man of spiritual perfection. That was indeed Adam's original state.
It must be remembered that transits of Venus occur in pairs with a gap of eight years. There was a transit on about 19 May 5302 BC. Therefore, between 5302 BC and and Adam's creation in 5252 BC is a period of 50 years. So, three figures that are absolutely central to history, Adam, Moses and Jesus were all created/born 50 years after a transit of Venus. The word 'coincidence' is now becoming well-worn by now. If these events weren't planned, then it wouldn't be possible to discover these patterns. It would all be random.
Next is the focus on the first transit after the creation of Adam which occurred on the 15th November 5157 BC. The period from Adam is nearly 95 years. The first recorded event after Adam and Eve's creation was the temptation of Eve by the Serpent and their expulsion from the Garden. It seems that Satan is allowed certain liberties at the time of the transits. This must be what is referred to in the Book of Job 38:33 as part of "the ordinances of heaven".
Seth was born when Adam was 230 years old (Gen 5:3). He was born 135 years after the expulsion from Eden. In the intervening years, Cain and Abel were born, and Abel was murdered by his brother. Cain's birth may have occurred 8 years after Adam and Eve were exiled, coinciding with the transit of 5149 BC. Cain and Abel could both have been well over the age of 100 at the time of Abel's murder.
Above is a chart that maps out the time-line calculated according to correlations with the transits (above the line) and according to the calculations of Eusebius (below the line). The events below reflect Satan's intentions towards us. In every case, God has given us a way out. We must be reminded as earlier stated from Romans 5:20 “..... But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound;”. Satan's plan is obvious from the outset. It has been to provoke God into the destruction of his own creation.
Correction the Error in Eusebius' calculations
You will notice from the chart above that Eusebius' dates for the Flood and the Creation of Adam are 52-53 years later than mine. The figures that were initially given by Eusebius were 2957 BC and 5200 BC respectively. My figures are 3010 BC and 5252 BC. The discrepancies were 53 years for the Flood and 52 years for Adam's creation. This is actually fairly close given the time-frame involved, but I was hoping for an even closer match.
The figures that I've used in calculating the flood date are from the Septuagint. The Hebrews have always asserted that there were 2,242 from the creation of Adam until the Flood. In fact, the figures from the Septuagint appear to tie in extremely well with the time-line that results from the calculation of the transits of Venus. 2,242 years from my date for Adam gives a date for the flood at 3,010 BC. The Hebrews also assert a figure of 942 years from the Flood until the birth of Abraham, which brings us to 2068 BC. The figure from the Septuagint is actually 943 years, plus one year for the Flood itself, and there are two years between the Flood and the birth of Arphaxad, taking the date forward to 2064 BC. Where Eusebius has erred is in his assumptions relating to the birth of Abraham that he puts at 2017 BC. The difference between Eusebius' date of 2017 BC and 2064 BC is now 47 years, the other 3 years bringing the discrepancy from my figures to only 2-3 years in total.
According to Genesis 17, Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he entered into the covenant with God. From my calculation, this would be in the year 1965 BC. This covenant was tested and ratified by God at a time that was specified in Galatians 3:17 as being 430 years prior to the Law being given. This happened at Mt. Sinai (recently identified as Jabal Al-Lawz in Saudi Arabia) in the first year of the exodus, being 1512 BC. The covenant was therefore ratified in the year 1942 BC.
The ratification is described in Genesis 22. The story tells of God's instruction to take his son Isaac to a place on or near Moriah where a sacrifice was to be made to the Lord. When the altar was made, Abraham bound Isaac, but an angel of the Lord intervened. This test of both Abraham and Isaac took place when Abraham was 122-3 years old. That made Isaac 22-3 years old, not the child of 10 to 12 that is often portrayed in religious art. (Incidentally, the number 23 signifies death in Biblical Numerics.) Isaac, being a type of Christ, would have been well able to resist his aged father, but was willing to follow the instruction from God. The time difference between Abraham's ages at 75 and 123 is 48 years. Now that Eusebius' error has been corrected, we're now in harmony.
An interesting point to note is that God called Abraham at age 75. God instituted his covenant with Abraham at age 99, a gap of 24 years. The covenant was confirmed when Abraham was 123, a gap of another 24 years, creating a symmetry around the original covenant.
At this point, it should be noted that the Israelites were not in captivity for 430 years. Their period in Egypt was only half of that time. A figure of 215 years is sometimes quoted. This might appear to contradict Exodus 12:40-41 which says “Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years - on that very same day - it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.” That would seem to be perfectly clear. However, if you cross-check these verses with the Septuagint and the Pentateuch, the words immediately following the first occurrence of 'Egypt' are 'and Canaan', making the verse “Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt and Canaan was four hundred and thirty years.”
The other point to make is that the beginning of the 430 year period was the exact same date, which was 14 Nisan in the Hebrew calendar. That makes the date 11 March, 1942 BC. It is interesting that God chose the date that would later become known as Passover to ratify His covenant with Abraham. Jesus too made His covenant with us on Passover. Isaac, like Jesus would have willingly laid down his life.
Further evidence for the 53rd century BC
“The Egyptians calculate a total of [g200] 24,900 lunar years--2,206 solar years--to the [rule of the] gods, demi-gods, and spirits. If you compare this [calculation] with [similar calculations of] Hebrew chronology you will get almost the same figure. For among the Hebrews Aegyptus is called Mizraim, and he lived a long time after the flood. Because it was after the flood that Noah's son Ham became the father of Aegyptus, or Mizraim; and at the time of the dispersal of the peoples, he went to Egypt, as its first inhabitant. According to the Hebrews 2,242 years elapsed from Adam to the Flood. (If the Flood was as calculated in 3010 BC, another 2,242 years takes us to 5252 BC.) Even using Eusebius' flood date of 2957 BC, the Egyptian calculation of 2,206 solar years takes us back to 5163 BC. The sources of the calculations are all close to each other with the starting date.
Be this as it may, the Egyptians still boast of their great antiquity before the flood. They say that they had gods, demi-gods, and spirits [as rulers in remote antiquity]. If we convert to months the years calculated by the Hebrews, we get over 20,000 lunar years. So when we count the "years" from the first man [Adam] until Mizraim, the Hebrew calculation is approximately the same [as the Egyptian]. Mizraim was first among the Egyptians, and the first dynasty is presumed to descend from him.” -Eusebius
The Super Cycle:
The chart of transits demonstrates the regularity of the 243 year transit cycles, but with 2 notable exceptions. In the midst of the second pair of transits between November 21 of 54 BC and May 23 of 60 AD was the birth of Christ. This pair of transits is anomalous because it is one of only two times in the available data from 5,000 BC to 10,000 AD that the 243 year cycle varies, the two variations being by 7 and 8 years. The first occurrence between 3213 BC and 3107 BC demonstrates an increase of exactly 8 years. One can see why there might be an unusual cycle prior to the birth of Christ. The earlier unusual cycle can only be a signal of an event that also has enormous significance, being the Flood.
Going back from the birth of Christ in 4 BC to the middle of the earlier variation to the 243 year cycle is 3,159 years. This is 2.6 times the 1,215 year cycle. The ratio of 2.6 is familiar because it's the same as the number of orbits that Venus experiences between each inferior conjunction. As we've seen, it is also approximately Phi squared.
In this unique cycle, it is indeed marked by the orbits of both Earth and Venus. At each Earth-Venus-Sun conjunction, there is a precession of just over 2 degrees. The exact starting point isn't attained again until the 1,215 years has been completed. Each of the 760 conjunctions during that period is represented by a point in space on the orbital path of Venus.
The Birth of Christ and the Jubilee:
The transit in 54 BC occurred on the 21st of November. The most likely date for the birth of Christ is estimated in a later chapter at 9th September of 4 BC, which was Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. That day is the holiest day in the Hebrew calendar. Calculating the gestational period as the average of nine months, we have the Immaculate Conception occurring in early December of 5 BC. That makes a difference of 49 years and about 2 weeks from the near miss transit of November 21st 54 BC. There was a Venus conjunction on that date, and it seems that it marked a period of 50 years until the coming of the promised Messiah. It is significant that we see a 50 year period because this is the period between Jubilees. However, if we count from 54 BC, the birth of Christ is towards the end of the 50 years. What has occurred is that the whole birth process from conception to nativity has occurred during the period of the 50th year.
A jubilee is defined by Lev. 25:8-10 “And thou shalt number seven Sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven Sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.” The shofar, translated 'trumpet' is a rams horn and is incorporated in synagogue services on Rosh Hashanah and to mark the end of the fast at Yom Kippur.
In Ellul (the sixth month), the month before Tishri (the seventh month) in which Jesus was born, the shofar is blown every morning during the prayers to try and awaken Jews to the fact that they must wake up and repent. Because Jesus was born on The Day of Atonement, His appearance was also accompanied by the blowing of trumpets. At His next appearance, there will also be trumpets for we are told in 1 Thess. 4:16 “For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God:...”
In 4 BC, the tenth day of the seventh month equates to 9th September. Considering that the date of Jesus' birth had to be in September, we now have an exact correlation and another proof that Jesus was sent for a purpose that reflects God's desire that we all live in liberty. Luke 4:18,19 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.” 'The acceptable year of the Lord' is translated 'the year of the Lord's favour' in other places. It is an obvious reference to the Jubilee. When Jesus spoke the words in Luke, it was early in His ministry in about 29 AD (plus or minus one year) which was at the scheduled time of the traditional jubilee that had been celebrated since 50 years after the entry of the Israelites into Canaan. However, due to the subjugation of Israel under the Greeks and then the Romans, the jubilee hadn't been observed since about 122 BC at the very latest.
This particular Jubilee, like the Super Cycle, appears to be unique in that it is not a period that has ever been repeated. It does not correspond to the normal jubilee cycle, but then, it wasn't intended to do that. At His crucifixion, Jesus extended the new jubilee in perpetuity. The liberty that He bought is available to all generations and in any year.
Before Jesus, there was a special Jubilee period subsequent to the transit. As shown earlier, Jesus was born in that special jubilee year. At the end of His life was another Jubilee that has given us ongoing freedom and liberty. I'm talking about the fifty days that the 120 waited in the upper room, at which point they were all filled with the Holy Spirit. So, we see that the life of Christ is bracketed by these two Jubilees.
The missing years of Jesus
At the time of Jesus' birth, it was the desire of Hebrew parents that their sons would become rabbis. From a very early age, boys were encouraged to memorise all five books of the law. By age 14, their religious education in the Beit-Talmud (House of Learning) was assessed. As well as reciting the scriptures, they were judged on the answers to questions, and also upon the quality of the questions that they asked. If accepted into the Beit-Midrash (House of Study) they then spent the following years studying, after which they graduated as a rabbi or a scribe at the minimum age of 30. Those who qualified were then addressed as 'rabbi' which in the New Testament literally meant Master (John 1:38). A requirement of rabbi students was that they study a foreign language. Given that Jesus at times quoted from the Septuagint, it is probable that he could read and speak Greek, as well as Hebrew and His native Aramaic. Also, at any point during their education, a student could be dismissed. It was therefore a requirement that they also study a trade, usually being the family business. In His case, His earthly father was a carpenter.
Luke 2:39-52 conforms exactly to this procedure and specifies the age of Jesus as being 12. Obviously, He was an advanced student. The next time we hear of Him in scripture, He is about 30 and people refer to Him as 'rabbi', including the Pharisees and Saducees. Those groups were sticklers for correctness under the Law. Given their contrary positions on issues, they would never have referred to Jesus as 'rabbi' unless He was actually qualified as a rabbi. Even Nicodemus, a leading Pharisee and a ruler of the Jews called Him 'rabbi'. (John 3:2) Mystery solved! Jesus was in rabbi school for those so-called missing years. He was the son of God, but He still conformed to every expectation of the Jewish tradition. As Jesus' family celebrated Passover each year in Jerusalem, the date when Jesus was aged 12 and in Jerusalem for the Passover was most likely around April 15th, 10 AD at which time, he was actually about 12 ½. As His rabbi training took him through to the age of 30, the beginning of His ministry began no earlier than late in 27 AD. Eusebius gives the date of His cricifixion as the Passover of 31 A.D. which is 3 ½ years after Jesus 30th birthday.